If you know someone doing drugs, you will be able to observe some visible changes in his habits and lifestyle overall. From being gloomy or moody about showing signs of exhaustion and other signs, the drug addiction has its impact – short-term and long-term.
Do Drugs Alter the Behavior and Overall Functions?
Whether it is a teen doing drugs or an adult, the effect on the brain and CNS is undeniable. Around 30 million Americans are now under the influence of drugs as per the survey by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. People do drugs with an aim of escaping reality or simply for recreation. However, the chemical reactions in the brain start creating sensations that make people addicts of these. Whether it is an addiction to Cocaine, cannabis, LSD or any other drug, the effect that it causes is going to be long-lasting if they fail to break this habit.
It is common knowledge that the drugs cause a change even if it is small on the brain. The brain performs various functions and almost does all the functions of transmitting messages to every other part of the body. On the consumption or use of drugs, different lobes or nerves get high thereby affecting its regular functions. Let us now emulate the ways in which drugs affect the brain and body.
Analysis of the effects of drug addiction on brain and CNS
- Cannabinoids in all its forms causes the brain to reach a ‘high’ whereby the brain starts to lose memory and feel drowsy. The dopamine effect causes people to feel ‘high’ and even irregular heartbeats. Since the naturally occurring cannabis has several such features, it is commonly in use in the medicines while treating for cancer. However, it is also for the same reason that people find Marijuana is one of those drugs people easily fall for and cannot resist from going back to it. Scientists claim that those who start on their consumption of marijuana long before their adulthood leads to getting low IQ as they grow and have various other lasting impacts like learning problems and sleeplessness to say about a few of them. The impairments of cognitive functions and memory loss are the issues that are common in a person who is under the influence of marijuana.
Cocaine and Meth:
- These stimulant drugs are known for increasing heartbeat and directly affect the central nervous system. Adding synthetic Opioids to Cocaine raises the levels of dopamine in the brain. From causing a rise in blood pressure, high heartbeats, to a state of restlessness, the drugs are dangerous in a serious way. Regular or high intake of these drugs can cause a person to be exhausted after a bout of hyperactivity. Sudden cardiac arrests or other such fatal conditions are highly probable with the snorting of cocaine. Meth or methamphetamine, in higher or regular doses, can cause emotional upheavals, hallucinations, and depression. Its consumption increases the production of neurotransmitters and dopamine causing the euphoric feeling to be there. From causing memory loss, to loss of judgment, and focus on things, the effects include loss of coordination and motor senses.
Heroin and Prescription Opioid have similar effects on the brain. Usually, they are injected and thereby consistent use through injection causes the veins to collapse or cause a person to be moody and be socially reclusive. Snorting the heroin can cause irreversible effects on the lungs and heart valves. Intake of heroin can lead to short phases when people go in and out of consciousness. Short-term effects are as dangerous as the long-term effects on overall health.
Valium and Xanax:
Benzodiazepines drugs are usually used to relieve anxiety and to put a person to sleep. Hence, their ability to relax tense muscles is amazing. Since Valium is a prescription drug for curing muscle spasm or relieving stress or for bringing in sleep, it is also helpful for fighting alcoholism. However, when the dosage goes excess or more than the required limit, then Valium can cause short-term problems like drowsiness, lack of coordination and chronic and fatal issues like anxiety or more and more dependence on Valium. The occurrence of seizures to get back to Valium is one of the biggest side effects of this drug. Besides these, memory loss, hallucination and even coma are some of the serious effects that the drug can have. Xanax is one of the most commonly prescribed medicines in the US to cure anxiety and sleeplessness. The Gamma-Aminobutyric acid or GABA in Xanax causes the neurons in the brain directly to reduce anxiety or panic attacks by sedating. The obvious effects include withdrawal symptom on stopping the dosage. Likewise, cognitive issues and Dementia are the biggest threats that the drug has on the brain.
LSD and Hallucinogens:
LSD and PCP are some of the Dissociative drugs cause hindrance in the brain’s function and the Glutamate. The drugs are going to cause memory loss, cognitive and various other such problems. The issue with hallucinogenic drugs is the way it affects every other person. It is very difficult to determine the symptoms it might give off, which can range from seizures to panic attacks to euphoric trance and more such issues.
The Result on Brain and CNS
The reason for drug addicts to feel the thrill of doing drugs is that it hits the brain and central nervous system. These drugs cause hallucinations and transport a person from reality. Ecstasy, LSD, PCP, Ketamine, Cocaine, Marijuana, and Heroin are all drugs that have been around in one form or the other. Their impact on the brain and nervous system is unchallenged, but it is, nevertheless, scary. The level to which a person can suffer during the phase of this addiction is unfathomable. Going for rehabilitation and counseling would be the most effective ways to come out of the addiction and to lessen the impact.
Please feel free to read our previous blog about addiction to technology and gaming.